Internal Medicine Subspecialties:
Addiction Medicine Internal Medicine:
This is a special branch of medicine that handles the treatment of addiction. Addiction Medicine crosses over into numerous other heath areas such as psychology, public health, social work, psychiatry and internal medicine. The processes of rehabilitating, detoxifying, individual and group therapies and acute intervention are a few areas incorporated within this type of medical specialty.
This is a division of medicine that is set to serve the health care requirements of adolescents and to help provide research and training the will help improve adolescent health. It focuses on patient care during the adolescent period of development. This usually ranges from the last few years of elementary school until graduation from high school.
Allergy and Immunology Internal Medicine:
Generally, an immunology clinic provides the diagnosis and treatment options for patients with genetic disorders of the immune system. In turn, an Allergy clinic is for the diagnosis and management of people with serious allergic diseases inclusive of latex allergy, food allergies and multiple drug allergies. The main role for this division is to diagnose and take care of patients who are best treated in a hospital environment.
Refers to a branch of medicine that is concerned with the treatment of obesity, along with the causes and different prevention techniques. Overweight and obesity are on the rise and cause numerous preventable health conditions. With that said, many of the side affects of being overweight are detrimental.
Is also referred to as heart disease. This group of disease involved the heart or blood vessels. Every year cardiovascular disease kills more Americans than cancer does.
Clinical and Laboratory Immunology:
This is where immunology is studied. Immunology is the science that is concerned with numerous aspects of immunity, induced sensitivity and allergies. Here is where hands-on learning and information gathering takes place.
Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology:
Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology is the biomedical area dealing with studying electrical activity in the body, directly associated with the structure of the heart. Specifically studying the production of electrical activity and the observed effects of the electrical activity on the heart and the body. It is also used for retinal testing.
Critical Care Medicine:
Critical Care Medicine is also known as Intensive-Care Medicine. It is focused with the provision of life support or various organ support systems in patients that are very ill and require constant monitoring. Critical Care is only offered to patients that have a good change of reversing their condition.
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism:
Endocrinology is the study of hormones and their specific receptors, along with the signaling paths they invoke and the conditions and diseases attached to them. Diabetes is a disorder of the metabolism and a specific areas of study and research within the medical health field. Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism are important components of the medical health industry as a whole.
This is the medical specialty focused on the study, diagnosis and treatment of specific disorders found in the digestive system. Some of these disorders affect the esophagus, small intestine, stomach, liver, pancreas, colon or gallbladder. Most Pediatric hospitals have a Gastroenterology division. An Omphalocele falls under this terminology.
Geriatric Medicine is a sub-component of internal and family medicine. It focuses specifically on the health and care of elderly people. The goal being to promote health by preventing disease, diagnosing and treating it to improve the overall quality of life.
Hematology is concerned with diagnosing, treating and preventing blood diseases and cancer. As well, Hematology researches these diseases. These diseases include sickle cell disease, hemophilia an iron deficiency anemia, to name a few.
Hematology and Oncology:
Hematology is concerned with diagnosing, treating and preventing blood diseases and cancer. As well, Hematology researches these diseases. These diseases include sickle cell disease, hemophilia an iron deficiency anemia, to name a few. Oncology deals with the study of cancer.
This branch of medicine incorporate the study of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas and biliary tree. It also manages the disorders. This is a specialty branch of medicine.
Hospice and Palliative Medicine:
Hospice Medicine is end-of-life medicine to help make the patient more comfortable and to ease the suffering. Palliative Medicine is a unique area of health care that has goals to relieve and prevent the suffering of all patients. Palliative Medicine uses a multi-factorial approach to caring for patient and relies on advice from the doctors, chaplains, nurses, social workers and other health care professionals if planning how to care for a patient.
They can figure out whether your medications and doses for elevated blood pressure are correct. They work closely with numerous other health care professionals. Some of these are cardiologists, pharmacists, nurses and endocrinologists.
Is an infectious disease that is in their population and is rapidly increasing in people being infected or geographic location. Examples are the Ebola virus and hive/aids. There are specialized health professionals trained to study and research infectious disease.
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What is Internal Medicine?
An internist, or those that specialize in internal medicine, have great expertise in regards to the treatment, care and diagnosis individuals who are suffering from a variety of diseases. Internists will also function as consultants to doctors to assist them in dealing with complex diagnostic issues. Internists will begin practicing after they've completed their formal medical training. Their primary subject of study is generalized internal medicine and they may sometimes be called general internists.
Unlike many physicians, internists do not specialize in any one medical condition, and could be considered a "jack of all trades", whom could deal with a wide spectrum of diseases afflicting adults, including chronic illnesses. They can work with patients who are suffering from any adverse condition, irrespective of how rare or complicated it may be. They have excellent problem solving skills and can address multiple conditions simultaneously.
Common Conditions Seen In Internal Medicine
- Critical Care Medication
- Transplant for Heart Failure
- Cardiovascular Disease
- Diabetes and Endocrinology
- Cardiac Electrophysiology
- Geriatric Medication
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In general terms, Interventional Cardiology it refers to treating numerous heart diseases through small tubes inserted through the arm or leg. These diseases used to be found as the main focus of heart surgery. By not having to cut open the chest and open the heart, the risks are greatly reduced, along with recovery time.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI):
An MRI scan is a technique of radiology that implements radio waves, magnetism and a computer, to depict images of body structures. This scanner is a tube encompassed by a large circular magnet. While laying on a moveable bed, a patient is inserted into this magnet, where the images are taken.
Medical Oncology is the treating of cancer with medicine. Chemotherapy is one of these medicines. Oncologists often specialize in specific types of cancer like lymphoma or breast cancer.
Refers to the science and art of caring for the kidney. A Nephrologists is a medical health professional focusing on Nephrology. Pediatric hospitals will have a division of Nephrology.
This is a disorder that obstructs bronchial airflow. Emphysema is an example of a progressive disease of the lungs. Cigarette smoking and second hand smoke is directly associated with the development of various Pulmonary Diseases.
This is a sub-specialty within pediatrics and internal medicine. It's focused on diagnosing and therapy of rheumatic diseases. New scientific discoveries has helped advance this medical health specialty.
This medical specialty is focused on diagnosing and the therapy of sleep disturbances and disorders. In this process is a thorough medical history and diagnosis as symptoms are vary different within this specialty. One method of diagnosing is a polysomnography, that records sleep stages and respiratory events during a sleep period.
Sports Medicine Internal Medicine:
This area of health specialty services applies medical and scientific knowledge to lessen, recognize, care for and rehabilitate injuries that are related to sport. This includes exercises and recreational activities. A Certified Athletic Trainer is an example of a health professional the specializes in the health care of physical activity. They use various methods of Sports Medicine to care and prevent athletic injury.
Is a specialty within gastroenterology. Gastroenterologists specialize in treating various diseases of the digestive system. The management of transplantation and liver disease is complex.