Pediatrics Subspecialties:

Adolescent Medicine Pediatrics:
This is a division of medicine that is set to serve the health care requirements of adolescents and to help provide research and training the will help improve adolescent health. It focuses on patient care during the adolescent period of development. This usually ranges from the last few years of elementary school until graduation from high school.
Child Abuse Pediatrics:
Is a specific division within the area of pediatrics. Here medical professionals deal with children that have been abused. These specialized doctors work with a team of medical professionals to help children deal with their experiences in child abuse, to help them understand and overcome all of the physical, emotional, mental and social scars.
Clinical and Laboratory Immunology:
This is where immunology is studied. Immunology is the science that is concerned with numerous aspects of immunity, induced sensitivity and allergies. Here is where hands-on learning and information gathering takes place.
Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics:
This is a division of pediatrics that takes care of patients with a wide variety of behavioral and developmental disorders. They include cerebral palsy, autism, down syndrome and complex learning disorders to name a few. Developmental Pediatricians work closely with numerous other health professionals, in order to provide the best outcome for the patient.
Hospice and Palliative Medicine:
Hospice Medicine is end-of-life medicine to help make the patient more comfortable and to ease the suffering. Palliative Medicine is a unique area of health care that has goals to relieve and prevent the suffering of all patients. Palliative Medicine uses a multi-factorial approach to caring for patient and relies on advice from the doctors, chaplains, nurses, social workers and other health care professionals if planning how to care for a patient.
Medical Toxicology Pediatrics:
Medical Toxicology or Clinical toxicology is a specific specialty of medicine. This specialty is practiced by Toxicologists, although a toxicologist expertise is often used in pediatrics, occupational medicine and emergency medicine. A toxicological screen is one of the central laboratory tests used within this discipline.
Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine:
This branch of medicine is interested in the care, development and diseases of newborns. A Neonatologist is a licensed doctor with special training in newborn intensive care. This type of specialty medicine isn't found in most general hospitals but can be found in a specialty hospital like a pediatric hospital.
Neurodevelopmental Disabilities:
These are a wide group of chronic disorders that start anytime during the developmental process up to twenty-two years of age and can last a lifetime. Some of the major disabilities include communication disorders, learning disabilities, cerebral palsy and neural tube defects. Therapy routines may include speech therapy, play therapy or occupational therapy, to name a few.
Pediatric Allergy/Immunology:
Pediatric Immunology is the pediatric specialty focused on the study of the immune system in children. Symptoms of Pediatric Allergies are quite often confused with the common pediatric nose, ear and throat conditions. Very often children diagnosed with repetitive cold or sinus issues are actually suffering from allergies.
Pediatric Cardiology:
Involves studying, diagnosing and treating cardiovascular diseases in children. A Pediatric Cardiologist is considered a specialist in two areas. They specialize in treating children and they have expertise and extra training in Cardiology.
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine:
Is where Pediatric Critical Care Medicine doctors work in the intensive care units of hospitals to manage the overall care of children that are critically ill. This involves specialty training for various life-threatening situations.
Pediatric Emergency Medicine:
This is a specialty in which doctors that care for children with acute illnesses or injures that require immediate medical attention. This is usually short term care. The idea is to stabilize the child and if necessary transport them to a different medical establishment for recovery.
Pediatric Endocrinology:
This is a medical specialty dealing with the differentiations of physical growth and sexual development in childhood, along with diabetes and numerous other disorders of the endocrine glands. Pediatric Endocrinologists care for patients from infancy to young adulthood. The most common disease within this medical specialty is type 1 diabetes.
Pediatric Gastroenterology:
This is the study and treatment of children with disorders of the GI or gastrointestinal tract. Pediatric Gastroenterologists are doctors that treat diseases of the digestive organs. This includes the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, intestines, gallbladder and liver.
Pediatric Hematology-Oncology:
Anatomic Pathology is a specialty in the medical field focused on the diagnosis of disease based on the microscopic, gross, chemical molecular and immunologic view of organs, tssues and entire bodies. It is divided into specialties.
Pediatric Infectious Diseases:
Are infectious diseases that affect children. Doctors in the specialty area of medicine diagnose, manage and prevent infectious diseases through clinical care, education, research and advocacy. These infectious diseases can be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses or parasites.
Pediatric Nephrology:
Pediatric Nephrology specializes in treating patients from birth to young adults. A Pediatric Nephrologist basically treats a child with a pediatric nephrology disorder. They work with other specialists including radiologists, urologists, surgeons and neonatologists.
Pediatric Pulmonology:
Is the ultimate sub-specialty within pediatrics. This specialty handles the disease of the respiratory tracts and various respiratory diseases. Often it's referred to as chest medicine and respiratory medicine.
Pediatric Rheumatology:
Refers to children with rheumatic diseases, particularly arthritis. Pediatric Rheumatologists are pediatricians that have completed two or three years more specialized training in Pediatric Rheumatology. They are also usually board certified .
Pediatric Transplant Hepatology:
Anatomic Pathology is a specialty in the medical field focused on the diagnosis of disease based on the microscopic, gross, chemical molecular and immunologic view of organs, tssues and entire bodies. It is divided into specialties.
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What is Pediatrics?

Pediatrics is a medical specialty that involves the treatment of children and infants. They provide medical treatment to kids that are sick or injured and they also perform preventative care. In addition to physical treatment, they can also treat the emotional and mental well-being of their patients.

The goal of pediatrics is to lower or eliminate deaths which occur among children and infants, through controlling the spread of disease among them. It is a branch of medicine that promotes a lifestyle among children which is disease free so that they can become healthy adults. Pediatrics is not limited to just young children and is also applied to teenagers up to the age of 18. Pediatricians address medical conditions which are both chronic and acute, and are the primary healthcare providers for those within this age group.

Common Conditions Seen by Pediatricians

- Congenital and genetic diseases
- Injuries or infections
- Organ disorders
- Asthma
- Measles
- Streptococcal pharyngitis
- Rubella
- Skin Rash
- Hand, foot and mouth disease
- Diarrhea and vomiting
- Pneumonia

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Sleep Medicine Pediatrics:
This medical specialty is focused on diagnosing and the therapy of sleep disturbances and disorders. In this process is a thorough medical history and diagnosis as symptoms are vary different within this specialty. One method of diagnosing is a polysomnography, that records sleep stages and respiratory events during a sleep period.
Sports Medicine Pediatrics:
This area of health specialty services applies medical and scientific knowledge to lessen, recognize, care for and rehabilitate injuries that are related to sport. This includes exercises and recreational activities. A Certified Athletic Trainer is an example of a health professional the specializes in the health care of physical activity. They use various methods of Sports Medicine to care and prevent athletic injury.